Intelligence Testing in the United States Military

The Role of Psychologists in The Wars:

 World War I:

 1917: E. B. Titchner and R. M. Yerkes (then President of APA) were meeting with a group of psychologists known as the “Experimentalists,” and formulated a plan for the APA membership to offer their professional services to the war effort. The consensus was that psychologists could provide support in developing methds for selection of recruits and treatment of war victims.

 1919: Yerkes was commissioned as a Major in the U.S. Army Medical Service Corps. In a plan proposed to the Surgeon General Yerkes wrote: “The Council of the American Psychological Association is convinced that in the present emergency American psychology can substantially serve the Government, under the medical corps of the Army and Navy, by examining recruits with respect to …